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Abortion Law Poland 2021

Another way to guess the number of illegal abortions in Poland is to look at global behavior and trends. According to Sedgh, Singh, Henshaw and Bankole in a 2012 article published in The Lancet[71], based on various reports, the number of fertile women (aged 15 to 44) undergoing an abortion is between about 10 and 40 abortions per 1,000 women, for the 2000s, “in all regions of the world, regardless of the status of abortion laws”; This would mean reducing estimates of annual abortions by Polish women from about 75,000 to 300,000. Some women seek abortions abroad, with Germany, the Czech Republic and Slovakia being among the most popular destinations for abortions. The United Kingdom, Austria and Ukraine are also countries where some women go for abortions. [72] [73] However, those who do extend the “mortal danger to pregnant woman” clause of Polish law to justify abortions, or simply say that fetuses died as a result of miscarriage, said a member of the Polish Abortion Underground. Support for legal abortion in cases where it is currently banned is much lower. About a quarter believe it should be legal if the woman is in a difficult material (26%) or personal (23%) situation. Nearly one in five respondents (18%) believe abortion should be legal if a woman does not want to have children. [63] Every year, thousands of women leave Poland to access abortion services in other European countries, while others import medical abortion pills or request extra-legal abortion in Poland. Polish women, especially those in difficult socio-economic situations, depend on crucial assistance from resource-limited civil society organizations. Very few abortions due to rape are approved because the Polish government has erected so many legal hurdles that it is too late for the procedure to receive the green light, members said. As a result, many rape victims turn directly to local advocacy groups, who lead them to doctors willing to help.

Only 107 legal abortions were performed in Poland, a country of 40 million people, in 2021, the first year of an almost total abortion ban. And most of them probably took place within 27 days of the new rules coming into force at the end of January. “Because of the law, which is extremely restrictive in practice, we are almost facing a virtual ban on abortion,” Irene Donadio, head of strategy and partnerships at the International Planned Parenthood Federation`s European network, told ABC News. That`s why [abortion] should be legal,” Marta Lempert, founder of the Polish Women`s Strike, who is one of Poland`s leading politicians for abortion rights, told ABC News. “The riskiest place in Poland where you can go is the hospital if you`re pregnant because you can`t get out alive.” Figures obtained from Rzeczpospolita show that 75 of the 107 legal abortions in 2021 were performed due to the diagnosis of birth defects. That means they almost certainly took place before the verdict went into effect just before midnight on Jan. 27, the newspaper notes. “It can be difficult to get abortions in Poland, but we have our means,” one of Poland`s leading feminists, Krystyna Kacpura, director of the Warsaw Federation for Women and Family Planning, said in a series of interviews. They fear that the new data could be used by police and prosecutors against women whose pregnancies end, even in the event of a miscarriage, or that women could be prosecuted by the state if they order abortion pills or travel abroad for an abortion.

On 22 September 2016, the day the draft law banning abortion was debated in the Diet, the Razem party organised a demonstration called the “Czarny Protest”, initiated by małgorzata Adamczyk, a member of the party. This was part of a larger campaign in which people posted selfies in black clothes on social media labeled #czarnyprotest (#blackprotest). [31] In the days that followed, similar protests were held in other Polish cities such as Wroclaw, Łódź and Krakow. Thousands of people took part in the protests in different parts of Poland. [32] [33] On October 1, 2016, a large demonstration also took place near the Diet building, organized by Barbara Nowacka of Inicjatywa Polska, who had collected signatures under a civil law liberalizing Poland`s abortion law. [34] Only the tiny Mediterranean island state of Malta has stricter laws than Poland. A majority of EU lawmakers voted to condemn Poland`s abortion laws in 2021 and last week. The United States was next on its list of public denunciation after the Supreme Court decided last month to overturn Roe v.

Wade. In September 2015, a citizens` initiative to introduce a complete ban on abortion in the Diet was rejected. 178 MPs supported the measure, while 206 voted against. [26] Independent UN human rights experts criticize the Polish court`s decision for a near-total ban on abortions due to fatal or severe fetal impairment. They also called on the Polish authorities to respect the rights of men and women protesting the court`s decision. [53] Although the strikes did not lead to a complete repeal of anti-abortion laws in Poland, they brought the conversation about women`s reproductive rights to national attention. Thousands of women wore black in solidarity with the cause. [45] Moreover, the protest succeeded in preventing the government from passing a bill that would restrict all abortions. [46] “In practice, it takes weeks or even months” to obtain a legal abortion, said Karolina Wieckiewicz, a lawyer and activist with the group Abortion Without Borders (Polish: Aborcja bez granic). “Some people decide to risk the battle in Poland; others are looking for alternatives.

This dramatic drop is the result of a decision rendered in October 2020 by the Polish Constitutional Court, which entered into force on 27 January 2021. The court, widely seen as under the influence of the ruling Conservative Party, concluded that terminating a pregnancy on the basis of a diagnosis of a congenital malformation violates the constitutionally protected right to life. In practice, Polish women who want to end their pregnancy order abortion pills or travel to Germany, the Czech Republic and other countries where the procedure is allowed. Although self-administration of abortion pills is legal, it is not legal to help someone else. The Constitutional Court`s anti-abortion ruling was extremely unpopular with the Polish public and sparked the largest protests in Poland`s post-communist history. “A pregnancy registry in a country where abortion is almost completely banned is frightening,” said Agnieszka Dziemianowicz-Bąk, a left-wing lawmaker. Kacpura helped organize the massive “Black Monday” street protests across Poland six years ago that forced the law and justice government to backtrack on its plans to ban all abortions, even in cases of rape pushed by its allies in the powerful Roman Catholic Church. A 2013 poll found that 49% of Poles support the current abortion legislation, 34% think it should be liberalised and 9% think it should be more restrictive.

[64] Previously, these abortions accounted for about 98% of all legal dismissals in Poland. But as a result of the decision, abortions are only allowed for two reasons: if the pregnancy threatens the life or health of the mother, or if it results from a criminal act such as rape or incest. Abortion rights advocates say the figures reflect restrictions already in place that make it nearly impossible for Polish women to have a legal abortion, prompting them to request an illegal abortion or perform an abortion abroad. A conservative group examines whether Ukrainian refugees are aborted in Polish hospitals Abortion in Poland is only legal in cases where the pregnancy is the result of a criminal act or when the woman`s life or health is in danger. [1] The last amendment to the Law on Pregnancy Planning of the Republic of Poland took place on 27 January 2021, when the judgment of the Polish Constitutional Court in the Dziennik Ustaw RP case was published. [2] For years, abortion has been allowed in fetuses with birth defects.

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